Indiana Art Collector

A Collector of Indiana Paintings and Brown County Art
Artist Biographies

Below is a list of Indiana and Brown County artists and painters that we collect. You can also learn more about each artist by reading their complete biographies. If you would like to view sample paintings of these early 20th century artists, view our art gallery. If you are interested in selling a painting or collection by one or more of these artists, please contact us at 812.327.0401.

Adams, J. Ottis Adams, Winifred B. Albright, Adam E. Aldrich, George A.
Anderson, Ruth B. Baker, George H. Baumann, Gustave Bessire, Dale
Bohm, C. Curry Buchta, Anthony Bundy, John E. Cariani, V. J.
Connor, Charles Cox, Jacob Dahlgreen, Charles W. Davisson, Homer G.
Dudley, Frank V. Eggemeyer, Maude K. Forsyth, William J. Fournier, Alexis J.
Glessing, Thomas B. Goth, Marie Graf, Carl Graf, Genevieve G.
Griffith, Louis O. Grue, Frederik E. Gruelle, Richard B. Hardrick, John W.
Hartrath, Lucie Hays, Barton S. Henshaw, Glen C. La Chance, Georges
Loop, Leota W. Mock, George A. Rush, Olive Shulz, Ada W.
Shulz, Adolph Shulz, Alberta R. Smit, Derk Snyder, William M.
Stark, Otto Steele, Theodore Clement Vance, Fred N. Vawter, Will
Williams, Edward K. Winter, George Woolsey, Carl Woolsey, Wood W.

John Ottis Adams [1851-1927]

J. Ottis Adams was best known as a nature-loving artist. A landscape painter who was a key member of the Hoosier Group of Indiana painters, Adams, along with William Forsyth and Theodore Steele, was committed to depicting his own native region. Typically their early work was peasant genre in dark tonalism. However, in the 1890s it became much lighter in the manner of the impressionists, and for many years these artists were the premier impressionist painters of the Midwest. Much of their subject matter was along the Muscatatuck and Whitewater Rivers and around the Indiana communities of Brookville and Vernon.

John Adams was born in Amitz, Indiana and in the mid 1880s went to Munich, Germany where he followed the regular routine of the Royal Academy. His companion there was Theodore Steele. Adams also studied with J. Frank Currier at Schleisheim, Germany and with John Parker in London. After studying in England and Germany, J. Ottis Adams returned to Indiana and opened an art school in Muncie in 1887.


Winifred Brady Adams [1871-1955]

Winifred B. Adams entered Muncie Art School in 1889. When the Muncie Art School was closed in 1891, Winifred attended the Drexel Institute of Art, Science and Industry in Philadelphia before enrolling in the Art Students League of New York in 1895. She studied with William Merritt Chase, who was most influential on her art, as well as other noted artists such as Douglas Volk, H. Siddons Mowbay and Robert Blum.

Winifred Adams met husband-to-be, J. Ottis Adams, when she entered his Muncie Art School as a student. After their three sons matured, Winifred was able to pursue her art on a limited basis. In spite of her successes, Winifred B. Adams was quick to brush aside any recognition. In fact, her modesty concerning her work and her unselfishness make her paintings all the more appealing.


Adam Emory Albright [1862-1957]

Born in Monroe, Wisconsin, Adam Albright was one of the first students at the newly established Art Institute of Chicago. He studied there from 1881 to 1883. Albright also attended Kansas University and some of his early work was likely done in Kansas. He went on to become a noted landscape, still life, and figure painter.

His style was impressionism mixed with realism. Strongly opposing the modernism of the early 20th century, Adam E. Albright said, "They give you boiled squash with a mule's foot on it and call that art." (Richter 24)

At the Chicago Art Institute, he was a student of Henry Fenton Spread and John Vanderpoel. He also studied at the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts from 1883 to 1886 with Thomas Eakins, in Paris with Benjamin Constant, and in Munich. He established his studio in Chicago in 1888 and became President of the Chicago Watercolor Club. He was also a member of the Chicago Academy of Design.

Adam Emory Albright chose juvenile subjects for many paintings early in his career. After being exposed to Impressionism during the Columbian Exposition, his work became more colorful and sun-filled. From 1908, he spent many summers at the art colony of Brown County, Indiana, and from 1917 frequently spent winters in Arizona where he painted desert landscapes and figures. He was a teacher at the Albright Atelier in Lamar, Missouri and also lived in Winnetka and Warrenville, Illinois.

About Adam Albright, William Gerdts wrote, "No other Chicago artist's work was so widely exhibited at the Art Institute; . . . A constant flow of articles appeared about the artist and his work, all praising his innate sympathy with childhood and with the rural environment and referring to him as the 'James Whitcomb Riley of the Brush.' " (Art Across America, Vol 2)


George Ames Aldrich [1872-1941]

One of South Bend, Indiana's best known landscape painters of the 20th century, George A. Aldrich became most associated with richly painted impressionist landscapes with water of Brittany and Normandy.

George Aldrich was born in Worcester, Massachusetts on June 3, 1872. His early art experience took place in the 1890's while living in Europe. He studied art in the Midwest, the East Coast, and throughout Europe, becoming a successful and respected etcher and painter. He worked as an illustrator for both "Punch" magazine and "The London Times" in the 1890's.

Returning to the United States, George A. Aldrich became a member of the Art Students' League in New York City. Soon thereafter, it is thought he may have studied architecture at M.I.T. His experience there is evident in the buildings and houses of many of his landscape paintings.

Aldrich continued his art education in Paris, attending Academies Julian and Colarossi, and later joining the Societe des Artistes Francais. His personal style was refined as he spent several years traveling throughout Europe. Between 1909 and 1910, Aldrich lived with artist/instructor Dieppe, completing many of his most popular paintings in Normandy and Brittany.

In 1918, Aldrich arrived in Chicago and became involved with the South Bend art scene during the 1920s. The Indiana dune country, at the southern end of Lake Michigan, was a popular subject for Chicago's painters. The area had reverted to wilderness after the Indians left and after the Chicago fire, when thousands of trees were cut down to rebuild the city.

George Aldrich exhibited regularly at the Art Institute of Chicago and was a member of the Chicago Galleries Association, the Hoosier Salon, and the Chicago Society of Painters and Sculptors. In 1924 he won an architectural club traveling scholarship and traveled to Europe to paint in England, Germany, Spain, Italy, and France.

His work is represented in many museums throughout the world. Many private and corporate collections also carry his work, including the Union League of Chicago and the War Mothers Building in Washington, DC.

George Ames Aldrich died in Chicago in 1941.


Ruth Bernice Anderson [1914-2002]

A painter in Indiana, Ruth Anderson was born in Indianapolis and studied at the John Herron Art Institute with John Herron. She traveled West and in 1937 exhibited in Tucson, Arizona, winning an award at the Allied State Exhibition.

The work of Ruth B. Anderson is displayed at Indiana University in the Dailey Family Memorial Collection and at De Pauw University.


George H. Baker [1878-1943]

Noted for his impressionist watercolor and pastel landscapes, George Baker was a well-known Indiana landscapist. He was born in Muncie and studied at the Cincinnati Art Academy. He exhibited at the Hoosier Salon and worked in the Richmond, Virginia area, belonging to the Richmond Group of artists. In 2001 The Richmond Art Museum put on a retrospective exhibition of his work, The Art of George Herbert Baker.


Gustave Baumann [1881-1971]

Gustave Baumann was born in Germany in 1881. His family immigrated to the United States in 1891, settling in Chicago. At the age of 17, Baumann was working for a commercial engraving house while attending night classes at the School of the Art Institute of Chicago. Returning to Germany in 1905, Baumann enrolled in the Kunstgewerbe Schule in Munich where he studied wood carving and mastered the European technique of color wood block prints. After a year in Munich, Baumann resettled in Chicago, supporting himself in the commercial art field while searching for a place to inspire his fine art. In 1910, Brown County, Indiana offered him such a place. Being a village of few distractions, the hills, valleys and people of Nashville became his subjects. Gustave Bumann produced a portfolio of color woodcuts entitled "In the Hills of Brown" and five large format color woodcuts. His largest woodcut, The Mill Pond, measures 25" x 33" and was the largest color woodcut produced at the time. These works were shown at the 1915 Panama Pacific International Exposition in San Francisco, where Baumann won the gold medal for printmaking. His color woodcuts had already been included in the 1911 Paris Salon and numerous exhibitions at the Art Institute of Chicago and the John Herron Art Institute in Indianapolis, where his first solo exhibition was held in 1913.


Dale Bessire [1892-1974]

A founding member of the Brown County Art Gallery Association, Dale Bessire was a native of Indianapolis and studied at the John Herron Art Institute. Bessire studied business at the University of Chicago and moved to Nashville, Indiana in 1914 where he became known as the artist farmer. He was successful both at running an orchard and pursuing an art career, primarily as a landscape painter. Dale Bessire exhibited at the Hoosier Salon and the Chicago Gallery Association.


C. Curry Bohm [1894-1971]

C. Curry Bohm was born in Nashville, Tennessee on October 19, 1894. He studied at the National Academy and also at the Art Institute of Chicago. He also studied with Edward F. Timmons. His watercolors and oils reflect his versatility and love of life. He was exceedingly generous in civic affairs and showed his patriotism during World War II by working for General Motors for 28 months. He made his first visit to Brown County in 1920, returning yearly to paint until 1932 when he and his wife, Lillian, made Nashville their permanent home. C. Curry Bohm is a charter member of the Brown County Art Gallery Association and a member of the Brown County Art Guild. He was also a member of the Hoosier Salon, Rockport Art Association, and the North Shore Art Association. His associations are the Chicago Palette and Chisel Academy of Fine Arts. Mr. Bohm received the Chicago Municipal Art League Prize, The Gold Medal in the Chicago Palette and Chisel, the Frederick N. Vance Memorial Award from the Brown County Art Gallery, the Edward Rector Memorial from the Hoosier Salon, the Lawrence A. Downs Prize, the Tri Kappa Purchase Prize, Daughters of Indiana Award, and the Hoosier Salon Summer Landscape Prize. C. Curry Bohm was selected by the International Business Machines Corporation for representation at the World's Fair in 1940.


Anthony Buchta [1896-1967]

A landscape painter, etcher, and teacher, Anthony Buchta lived in Chicago and studied at the Art Institute and the Chicago Academy of Fine Art. Buchta was also active in Indiana where he exhibited with the Hoosier Salon and painted in Brown County.


John E. Bundy [1853-1933]

John Bundy was born in Guilford County, North Carolina and raised near Monrovia on a farm in Morgan County, Indiana. He was part of the Richmond School of Indiana painters and Richmond's premier artist. Bundy attended Quaker schools and married Mary Marlatt in 1875. He spent nearly a decade in New York City as a portraitist and was also a photographer, but later decided to focus on landscape painting. He worked in both oil and watercolor, with much of his subject matter coming from Wayne County, Indiana, especially the Whitewater Valley. In 1888 he moved to Richmond and for eight years headed the Art Department at Earlham College, where he taught drawing and painting. During that time a book of his etchings, "Fond Recollections", was published. This book reflected his love of the scenery around Earlham. After the death of his wife in 1906, John E. Bundy built a studio behind the family home in Monrovia and lived with his sister. From 1910 to 1911 he traveled in California and then spent several summers in Northern Michigan on Little Traverse Bay, where he painted primarily in watercolor. By the early 1920s he remarried to Elwood Morris, a Richmond painter. He exhibited widely across the United States, including the 1904 Louisiana Purchase Exposition, the Pennsylvania Academy in 1904, the National Academy of Design in 1911 and 1916, the Chicago Art Institute in 1903 and 1907-1914, the Hoosier Salon in 1925, and the 1902 Society of Western Artists. His primary dealer was J.W. Young of Chicago. In 1929, John Bundy, who was getting quite frail, moved to Harlingen, Texas with his son but died in a sanatorium in Cincinnati on January 17, 1933.


Varaldo J. Cariani [1889-1969]

Varaldo J. Cariani was a landscape and still life painter who had a long relationship with Brown County, Indiana, V.J. Cariani was born in Renazo, Italy and later settled in Nashville, Indiana. He studied at the National Academy of Design and the Art Students League with Frank DuMond and was a member of the Hoosier Salon, the Indiana Artists Club, and the Springfield Art League. While studying at the Art Students League, V.J. Cariani met painter Marie Goth and returned to Indiana with her, eventually building a studio on her Brown County property.


Charles Connor [1857-1905]

No Biography at this time.


Jacob Cox [1810-1892]

Jacob Cox was born in Burlington, New Jersey, the first of ten children born to a Quaker couple. His parents died in separate ferry accidents in Delaware; his mother when he was eight and his father two years later. He was raised primarily by his grandfather and an aunt in Washington, Pennsylvania. Cox was already interested in art at an early age and did charcoal sketches on whatever available canvas he could find. These were usually wooden boxes, but occasionally he used the fence or barn at his grandfather's farm. Punishments for these latter transgressions possibly discouraged him from seeking a career in art from the beginning, because at the age of sixteen he was apprenticed to a tinsmith. In 1830 he set out with his younger brother Charles to establish a tinsmith shop in Pittsburgh. There Jacob Cox met and courted Nancy Baird. Not long after they married in 1832, Jacob and Charles set off on foot for Indianapolis, having decided to move their business there. Nancy arrived about a week after they did on a "conveyance", according to historian J.P. Dunn. She brought a supply of tinware and hardware with which the brothers set up a shop on the south side of Washington Street.


Charles William Dahlgreen [1864-1955]

Born in Chicago, Illinois, Charles Dahlgreen created etchings and dry points with a skillful sense of design and these have received more attention than his paintings.

As a youth Charles W. Dahlgreen left school to support his family. He spent years doing sign painting, decorating, etching swords, working in foundries, and prospecting in the Klondike. He also managed some art studies including three years in Dusseldorf, Germany in the 1880s and in 1906 at The Art Institute of Chicago. Dahlgreen painted in Arizona, painting the Grand Canyon in the early 1920s. Later he was in Yosemite. Nine of his etchings are in the Library of Congress. Three of those are from his Yosemite series.


Homer G. Davisson [1866-1957]

Indiana impressionist landscape painter Homer G. Davisson studied at the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts, Philadelphia; Art Students League, New York City; and the Corcoran School of Art, Washington, D.C. He exhibited, primarily pastoral landscapes, at the Hoosier Salon, Swope Art Gallery, Fort Wayne Art Museum, and the Indiana Artists' Club. From 1920, Homer Davisson regularly was summered in Nashville, Indiana, where he became a charter member of the Brown County Art Gallery Association in 1926. He was a teacher at the Fort Wayne Art School. Davisson's paintings are in the collections of the Ruthmere House Museum in Elkhart, Indiana and the Wabash Carnegie Public Library, also in Indiana.


Frank Virgil Dudley [1868-1957]

Frank V. Dudley was born November 14, 1868, in Delavan, Wisconsin. He died on March 5, 1957, in Chicago, Illinois. Known as the "Painter of the Dunes", Dudley first visited the Indiana Dunes on Lake Michigan in 1912. In 1921 he built a cabin there and was determined to paint full time. He became an agent for the preservation of the area, and, when it was declared a state park in 1923, he arranged with the State of Indiana to keep his cabin in exchange for one painting per year. Frank Dudley exhibited widely throughout his career and won many prizes including two at the Hoosier Salon in 1932 and 1937.


Maude Kaufman Eggemeyer [1877-1959]

A plein-air painter of landscapes and florals, Maude K. Eggemeyer was an important part of the regional art movement in Richmond, Indiana. This was a colony of artists who studied art techniques and art history together and held annual exhibitions. In 1910, she received the Richmond Prize for the best work in the show.

Eggemeyer was born in New Castle, Indiana and studied architectural drawing with her father at Earlham College, a Quaker liberal arts and sciences college in Richmond, Indiana. She also studied at the Cincinnati Art Academy in Ohio and with landscape painter John Elwood Bundy in Richmond. Other teachers included Gifford Beal and Wayman Adams.

Maude Eggemeyer exhibited primarily in the Midwest and won prizes in 1924, 1927, and 1928 at the Hoosier Salon. In 1926 she was selected as one of seven vice presidents of the Hoosier Salon Patrons Association, organized in Chicago, in which she was instrumental in forming. Her oil painting, "Blooming Redbud", is in the collection of the Richmond Art Museum in Indiana.


William J. Forsyth [1854-1935]

William Forsyth was born in California, Ohio in 1854 and moved with his family to Indianapolis in 1860. He studied art briefly as a young man, but financial limitations forced Forsyth to seek work. He formed a house painting business with his brother and continued to paint in his free time. Having saved enough money, William Forsyth began attending the Indiana School of Art in 1877 and eventually became an assistant instructor. In exchange for paintings not yet painted, Forsyth was given the opportunity to join his friend T.C. Steele, who was studying at the Royal Academy in Munich. Upon his return to the states, William J. Forsyth would serve as a major figure in the “Hoosier School” of painters, exhibiting with T.C. Steele, Otto Stark, Richard Gruelle, and J. Ottis Adams.


Alexis Jean Fournier [1865-1948]

Born in 1865 on the fourth of July in St. Paul, Minnesota, Alexis Jean Fournier was one of the most flamboyant and enduring figures of the Arts and Crafts movement, and was also an impressionist painter of major importance in Minneapolis from 1883 to 1893. Fournier, a Barbizon-style artist, whose career as the "Roycroft Court Painter" spanned over forty-five years, has been lauded as one of the most prolific artists of the Arts and Crafts period as well as an influential force in Elbert Hubbard's Roycroft community in East Aurora, New York.

Although the photography career of his son Paul was comparatively less impressive in terms of longevity and notoriety, the works of both the elder and the younger Fournier helped diversify and change American art history as well as contribute to the progressive thinking of the Roycrofts. Had photography been considered an art form on the level of Barbizon and impressionist painting during the Arts and Crafts era, perhaps the younger Fournier would have enjoyed a career as successful and praised as that of the elder.

By age 14, he was working as a sign painter and scenery artist for Vaudeville and, although he had virtually no formal artistic training, had sold several pieces, mostly landscapes, by the time he was 16. In 1886 he became a student of Douglas Volk, ultimately setting up a professional studio in Minneapolis.

One of Fournier's patrons was J.J. Smith, who hired Fournier to be the staff artist on an archaeological trip to the Southwest. Following this trip Fournier painted a 50' x 12' panoramic mural called "The Cliff Dwellers." The painting was intended for exhibit at the 1893 Columbian Exhibition in Chicago, where it is likely, but not documented, that Fournier met Elbert Hubbard for the first time. Hubbard, the beloved spiritual guide and business leader of the Roycroft community of artisans and craftspeople, would eventually become one of Fournier's greatest patrons and admirers. "The Cliff Dwellers" ultimately disappeared, having been sold without record. Its location is still unknown.

In addition to his activities with Roycroft, Alexis J. Fournier painted at the artist colonies in Woodstock, New York; Provincetown, Massachusetts; and Brown County, Indiana.


Thomas B. Glessing [1817-1882]

No biography at this time.


Marie Goth [1887-1975]

No biography at this time.


Carl Graf [1890-1947]

A painter of brilliantly colored landscapes and still lifes, sculptor and teacher Carl Graf was the first president of the Brown County Indiana Art Association, formed in 1926. He studied at the Herron Art Institute with William Forsyth, the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Art, and the Art Students League. Carl Graf died in 1947 in Indianapolis.


Genevieve G. Graf [1890-1961]

No biography at this time.


Louis O. Griffith [1875-1956]

Louis O. Griffith was born on October 10, 1875 in Greencastle, Indiana. In addition to etching, he was a painter of realistic landscape, portrait, and genre. He painted with impressionist-influenced color and broad, relatively loose brushwork. Griffith studied at the St. Louis School of Fine Arts in 1893; in Dallas with Frank Reaugh in 1896; 1896-1897, 1899-1903, 1906 at the Art Institute of Chicago in the evenings; in 1908 in Paris and Brittany; as well as the National Academy of Design. Griffith, over the years, lived at various residences including Greencastle, Indiana from 1875-1879; Dallas, Texas from 1879-1893; St. Louis from 1893-1896; Chicago from 1896-1922; and Nashville, Indiana from 1922-1956. He married Carolyn Maulsby in 1920. Louis Griffith died November 13, 1956 in Franklin, Indiana.


Frederik Ebbesen Grue [1851-1914]

Frederik E. Grue, born in Sherman Oaks, California in 1951, was a realistic still life and landscape painter based in Indiana. Self taught, he exhibited at the Grand Central Galleries, New York City; Hoosier Salon, Indiana; Hillcrest Festival, Whittier, California; and Montgomery Gallery, San Francisco. In 1978 the Pasadena Festival awarded Grue a prize.

A book on his work, "Beyond Realism: The Life and Art of Frederik Grue", authored by Carol Ann Weiss and Judith Vale Newton, was published in 1995 by BCL Press.


Richard B. Gruelle [1851-1914]

Richard Gruelle was described by Jacob Dunn as "the most absolutely untaught artist who ever did really good work in the vicinity" in his "History of Greater Indianapolis" (485). Gruelle was born in Cynthiana, Kentucky to John and Prudence Gruelle, the youngest of the eight boys and three girls. Both there and in Arcola, Illinois, where the family moved six years later, young Richard drew on "everything he could find," and apparently, any time and all the time. His teachers were constantly reprimanding him for drawing during class. But with the whole-hearted encouragement of his mother, Richard B. Gruelle would draw up scenes for his own "panorama shows," charging his friends and neighbors "five pins" to see his primitive "slide shows" of scenes of the battle between the Monitor and the Merrimac.


John Wesley Hardrick [1891-1968]

John Hardrick’s grandfather moved to Indianapolis around 1880 to escape the racism around his rural Kentucky farm. By 1888 John's father, Shepard Hardrick, had married Georgia Etta West and settled on South Prospect Street, where John was born in 1891.

John W. Hardrick showed a natural talent in art very early on, drawing by the age of 6, creating watercolors at 8, and exhibiting some of his work at the age of 13 at a Negro Business League Convention in town. One of his teachers at Harriet Beecher Stowe School was so impressed with his work that she showed it to local arts patron Herman Lieber, owner of an art supply store, who saw to it that John attended children's art classes at the John Herron School of Art.

While attending Emmerich Manual Training High School, John Hardrick was a student of Otto Stark, and in 1910 he began attending regular classes at Herron, where he studied under William Forsyth. But financial pressures meant that John had to work nights at the Indianapolis Stove Foundry in order to put himself through Herron.


Lucie Hartrath [1868-1962]

Born in Boston, Lucie Hartrath was considered by many people to be one of the most talented artists in the Chicago area in the early 20th century. She was known for her impressionist landscapes and early recognized the beauties of the local countrysides. She was a student of John Vanderpoel at the Art Institute of Chicago and in 1901 attended the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts. That same year she exhibited at the Paris Salon and also in Berlin, Dusseldorf, and Munich. From 1902-1904 she headed the Rockford College art department in Rockford, Illinois and then returned to Munich to study with Angelo Jank. In 1908 Hartrath established a studio in Chicago and began painting in Nashville, Indiana, which she first visited between 1908 and 1910. Like many Chicago painters, she rented a summer cabin there, and the Brown County hills were an excellent source for her landscape subjects. Lucie Hartrath exhibited widely in Chicago and Indiana, including the Chicago Municipal Art league and the Hoosier Salon, and was a founding member of the Chicago Women's Salon.


Barton S. Hays [1826-1914]

A painter who lived in Indiana, Ohio and Minneapolis, Barton Hays began his career as a portrait painter in Wingate, Covington, and Attica, Ohio. In Attica, he also painted two panoramas relating to the book, "Uncle Tom's Cabin." After moving to Indianapolis, he went into partnership with daguerreotypist William Runnion and continued to paint portraits, becoming the city's leading painter of that subject. He was also a teacher at Mclean's Female Seminary, and William Merritt Chase was one of his students. In 1882, Barton S. Hays moved to Minneapolis, where he focused much of his painting on still lifes, especially fruit on small table tops in a soft, atmospheric background.


Glen C. Henshaw [1884-1946]

Glen C. Henshaw was born in Windfall, Indiana in 1884. He later moved to the East Coast, living in Baltimore, Maryland and New York City following study at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts in Paris, where he was influenced by impressionism. Henshaw exhibited at the Herron Art Institute in Indianapolis, the Art Institute at Chicago, and the Addison Gallery of American Art of the Phillips Academy, Andover, Massachusetts. In 1941 he moved to Nashville, Indiana, in Brown County, where he purchased the Odd Fellows Building, and spent summers there for the five years remaining of his life. Brown County, termed "The Art Colony of the Midwest," was one of six major art colonies in the early 1900s. A painter of portraits and cityscapes prior to 1941, Glen C. Henshaw continued with these genres in Nashville, also painting some landscapes. After his death in 1946, eighty-five of four hundred oils and pastels were kept as a memorial in the Odd Fellows Building and later moved to the Brown County Art Gallery. A fire destroyed many of Henshaw's paintings at the latter venue, though today space at the Brown County Art Gallery features a collection of work that survived the fire, as well as paintings later added to the collection.


Georges La Chance [1888-1964]

A prominent member of the Brown County Art Colony and President of the Brown County Art Guild, Georges La Chance painted scenic views of rural Indiana. Born in Utica, New York, he later settled in Nashville, Indiana, also studying at the St. Louis Art School and exhibiting at the Hoosier Salon. He was an Indiana painter of impressionist landscapes and first moved to Brown County in the early 1930s. LaChance was a charter member of the Brown County Art Gallery Association. He also exhibited at the Marshall Field Gallery and Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois; Sheldon Swope Art Gallery, Terre Haute, Indiana; and the Hoosier Salon, from 1926-1961.


Leota W. Loop [1893-1961]

Born in Fountain City, Indiana, Leota Loop spent her career as an active artist in Brown County, Indiana. She began studying art at age 10 from Olive Rush at the Fairmont Academy. She also studied with William Forsyth, Theodore Steele, Will Vawter, and Randolph Coates—all associated with the Brown County Art Colony. In 1937 Indiana governor Townsend purchased her still life painting, "Iris and Peonies," for the Governor's Mansion. Leota Loop taught art classes in Nashville and was for many years the art chairman of Tri Kappa Sorority. She organized the Junior Art Clubs of the Indiana Federation of Art Clubs and exhibited state wide. Reportedly her first paint brushes were chicken feathers. Leota W. Loop used ink for paint and grocer's wrapping paper for ground.


George A. Mock [1886-1958]

No biography at this time.


Olive Rush [1873-1966]

Known primarily for teaching art to Southwest Native American children and painting Native American portraits and genre, Olive Rush encouraged Native American pride in their own traditions at a time when white culture was moving aggressively into New Mexico and Arizona. She was the first woman to be given a one-woman exhibition in New Mexico. Her career was expansive, both in geography and style. She lived the first part of her life on the East Coast and her later years in the Southwest and her work, including illustration, ranged from traditional to cubist and expressionist. Olive Rush was born in Fairmount, Indiana, to a Quaker family and enrolled at the Friends Academy before moving at age 17 to Washington D.C. There she studied at the Corcoran School of Art. By 1898 she was a professional magazine illustrator and studied at the Art Students League in New York with John Twachtman. In 1904 she went to Wilmington, Delaware to study illustration with Howard Pyle and she also created mural painting. In Paris she studied at the Richard Miller Class for Painters. In 1914, at the age of 41, Olive Rush first went to the Southwest and in 1921 settled in Santa Fe, becoming one of the first eastern artists to move there.


Ada W. Shulz [1870-1928]

Born in Terre Haute, Indiana, Ada Shulz became known for her impressionist paintings of mothers and children in outdoor settings, especially Brown County, Indiana. Her works, mostly painted outdoors, featured lush scenery and the warmth and sunlight of Indiana summers. Ada Shulz began her art studies at the Art Institute of Chicago with John Vanderpoel and Oliver Pennet Grover and then studied in Paris at the Vitti Academy. In 1892 Ada W. Shulz traveled with Vanderpoel's class to Delavan, Wisconsin, where she met her future husband, artist Adolph Shulz. They remained in Delavan for the next twenty years and had a son, Walter, who also became an artist but died a premature death in 1918. In 1910 she and her husband began spending their summers painting in Brown County, Indiana. They moved there permanently in 1917 and helped to establish the Brown County Art Colony. The couple divorced in 1926.


Adolph Shulz [1869-1963]

A key figure in the development of the Brown County, Indiana artist colony, Adolph Shulz arrived there in 1900 and is generally considered to be the "father" of that group of painters. He is known for his landscapes and also did portraiture. He was born in Delavan, Wisconsin and studied at the Art Institute of Chicago, with William Merritt Chase at the Art Students League in New York, and in Paris. He returned to Delavan many summers to paint. Around 1900, he began traveling to Nashville, Indiana and eventually moved there with his family in 1917. From 1925 to 1942 he exhibited at the Hoosier Salon. Adolph Shulz also exhibited at the Art Institute of Chicago, Milwaukee Art Institute, and the Brown County Gallery Association.


Alberta R. Shulz [1892-1980]

Born in Indianapolis, Indiana, Alberta Shulz attended the University of Texas, being "the only girl in her art class." She studied at the Herron Art Institute in Indianapolis, the Ringling School of Art in Sarasota, Florida, as well as Indiana University. Alberta R. Shulz later moved to Nashville in Brown County, Indiana where she studied with Adolph Shulz, an early founder of the Brown County Art Colony. In 1926 following the divorce of his first wife, artist Ada Shulz, Alberta and Adolph married. The couple regularly visited Florida in the winter months, where she was a long time member and two-year President of the Sarasota Art Association.


Derk Smit [1889-1985]

A painter, decorator, and lecturer, Derk Smit was born in the Netherlands and lived most of his adult life in Chicago, Illinois. He studied at the Art Institute of Chicago with Joseph Allworthy. He exhibited at the Navy Pier in 1939 and was President of D. Smith Interior Decorating Company of Chicago. Derk Smit died in 1985 at the age of 96. He was a member of the Hoosier Salon and won 6 awards there between 1953 and 1968. He was best known as a landscape painter. Smit’s most desirable paintings are those of Brown County, Indiana and of California, where he experimented with Plein-Aire landscapes with bold colors. He moved to California around 1953 but made trips back to Illinois and Indiana to paint.


William McKendree Snyder [1849-1930]

One of the earliest artists to paint in Brown County, Indiana, William M. Snyder was a landscape painter from Madison, Indiana. The very detailed style of William Snyder was influenced by the Hudson River School.


Otto Stark [1859-1926]

Otto Stark was born in Indianapolis, Indiana in 1859. Apprenticed to a lithographer, Stark studied at the University of Cincinnati School of Design before moving to New York to work as an illustrator. Further study followed in Paris at the Academie Julian. Stark met with success in Paris, exhibiting twice at the prestigious Salon. Returning to the U.S. with his French wife and daughter, the Starks settled in first in New York and later Philadelphia, where Otto painted and sold illustrations to eastern Publications. When his wife died following the birth of their fourth child, Otto Stark returned to Indiana, where he exhibited with T.C. Steele, Richard Gruelle, and William Forsyth during the 1890’s. Needing a steady income for his family, Stark took a number of teaching positions in Indianapolis until he could finally devote himself to painting full-time in 1919. With his children grown, Otto Stark spent a good deal of his time painting with his friend, J. Ottis Adams, until he suffered a stroke in 1926 from which he would not recover.


Theodore Clement Steele [1847-1926]

T.C. Steele is considered to be one of the finest of the American impressionist painters to work in the Midwest. A leading member of the Hoosier School painters, Steele was a native of Indiana who studied at the Indiana School of Art as well as the Royal Academy in Munich. Upon returning to the US, Steele co-founded the Indianapolis School of Art with William Forsyth. In these early years, Steele’s paintings were very much in the dark, dramatic style of the Munich School. It was only after Steele began exploring the Indiana countryside for inspiration that his palette would brighten. By 1893 T.C. Steele was showing, to critical acclaim, impressionist landscapes at the Chicago Exposition. In 1906 he settled in the remote region of Brown County, Indiana, where he painted exclusively in the pure impressionist style he had adopted.


Fred Nelson Vance [1880-1926]

Fred N. Vance was born in Crawfordville, Indiana in 1880. He studied at the Art Institute of Chicago and the Art Academy of Chicago, in Paris at the Academy Julian, and for a time with Max Bohn at Etaples, France.

Returning to Indiana, Fred Vance worked with his father, George Vance, as a mural decorator. Among the most important pieces of his work was the decoration of the grill room at the U.S. Grant Hotel of San Diego, California. He also had charge of an art school in Terre Haute, Indiana in 1912. There he married Mary Sabiston. They then moved to Indianapolis from Crawsfordville.

During WWI Vance saw service in France and Italy and acted as interpreter for the Y.M.C.A department. His work there keep him for some time after the armistice. Vance was the president of the Alliance Francaise in Indianapolis in l924. He also served the Indiana Artists Club as secretary during the presidency of Randolph L. Coats. At the time of his death, he was a member of the board of directors of the Indiana Artists Club.

Fred N. Vance was represented in the Lieber exhibitions of the Brown County group. Two of his paintings are now in the traveling exhibit of Brown county paintings from the 1927 Hoosier Salon in Chicago.


Will Vawter [1871-1941]

A landscape painter known for his loose, impressionist style, Will Vawter was raised in Greenfield, Indiana and began his career as an illustrator. His first assignments were for James Whitcomb Riley, a successful poet who was also a resident of Greenfield. Vawter and his wife of two years moved to Brown County, Indiana in 1908. For the next fifteen years, he worked on magazine illustration assignments. In 1923 Vawter divorced and moved into a small apartment in downtown Nashville, where he became more involved in oil painting. In 1925 he exhibited and won the prize for best winter scene at the first Hoosier Salon exhibit. Will Vawter also exhibited at the Brown County Art Gallery Association.


Edward K. Williams [1870-1950]

Edward K. Williams, a landscape painter, was born 1870 in Greensburg, Pennsylvania. Edward Williams studied at the Art Institute of Chicago with Freer, Vanderpoel, Fursman, and Krehbiel, and he exhibited there from 1903-1929. These exhibits included many wintery scenes. He also exhibited at the Hoosier Salon, New York Watercolor Club, Herron Art Institute, American Watercolor Society, Brown County Art Gallery Association, and the Chicago Gallery Association. Edward K. Williams was president of the Brown County Art Gallery Association and the Indiana Art Club.


George Winter [1810-1876]

Born in Portsea, England on June 10, 1810, George Winter studied miniature painting at the Royal Academy in London before immigrating to the U.S. in 1830. He moved to Indiana in 1837 following further study at the NAD, and this would remain his home for the rest of his life. In 1874 he came to California to settle a relative’s estate and remained for one year. While in San Francisco he established a studio and was active in the art world there during his brief stay. He left behind many paintings, most of which were lost in the earthquake and fire of 1906. One of Indiana's most important early artists, George Winter died in Lafayette on Feb. 1, 1876. His work includes landscapes, Indian, and historical genre.


Carl Woolsey [1902-1965]

Born and raised in Danville, Illinois, Carl Woolsey moved to Indianapolis in 1921 and then lived briefly in Long Beach, California. In Indianapolis he saw an exhibition of Taos, New Mexico paintings by Walter Ufer. From 1927 to 1934 he lived in Taos, as did his parents and brothers, including another artist, Wood Woolsey. Their father successfully promoted his sons' paintings, and they won awards in New York and Indiana, with Carl winning the Hallgarten Prize in 1931 from the National Academy. Carl Woolsey worked with Ufer, using his studio. He also worked for the WPA. Economics later took the family back to Indianapolis. He also lived in Connecticut and Pennsylvania.


Wood W. Woolsey [1899-1970]

Born and raised in Danville, Illinois, Wood Woolsey moved to Indianapolis in 1921 and then lived briefly in Long Beach, California. In Indianapolis he saw an exhibition of Taos, New Mexico paintings by Walter Ufer. From 1927 to 1934 he lived in Taos, as did his parents and brothers, including another artist, Carl Woolsey. Their father successfully promoted his sons' paintings, and they won awards in New York and Indiana. Economics later took the family back to Indianapolis. Wood W. Woolsey also lived in Connecticut and Pennsylvania.


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